Commodity Trading In Nigeria: Everything You Need To Know

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Commodity Trading In Nigeria

This article answers important questions on commodity trading in Nigeria.

Key Takeaways: 

  • Commodity trading involves buying and selling physical goods such as agriculture products, energy products, precious metals, and more on organized exchange markets.
  • Commodities can be purchased through a commodities broker.
  • Investors need to educate themselves on the different types of commodities, and how they are priced and traded.

What are Commodities?

Commodities are basic goods and materials such as wheat, crude oil, gold, etc. They are traded on commodities markets and their prices are influenced by the supply and demand dynamics of these products, amongst other things.

What is Commodity Trading?

Commodity trading is the buying and selling of commodities on organized markets, such as futures exchanges, to make a profit.

Investors in the commodity markets usually include producers and users of the commodities, as well as speculators.

The price of the commodity is subject to supply and demand forces and can fluctuate, leading to gains or losses for traders.

Types of Commodities

Here are the different types of commodities that are traded on commodities markets:

  1. Agricultural commodities: These are raw materials and food products such as wheat, corn, soybeans, sugar, coffee, cotton, and livestock.
  2. Energy commodities: These include crude oil, natural gas, and gasoline.
  3. Precious metals: Gold, silver, platinum, and palladium
  4. Industrial metals: Aluminum, copper, lead, nickel, and zinc are also traded as commodities.

Each type of commodity has its unique supply and demand dynamics that influence its price, and some commodities may be more volatile than others.

Categories of the Commodity Market

  1. Soft Commodities: These are commodities that are grown, rather than mined, such as agricultural products.
  2. Hard Commodities: These include physical goods such as precious metals (gold, silver, platinum), base metals (copper, aluminium, zinc), and energy products (crude oil, natural gas, coal).
  3. Financial Commodities: These are financial instruments such as futures contracts, options, and exchange-traded funds (ETFs) that are based on the underlying commodities.

Commodities Markets Examples in Nigeria

In Nigeria, the major commodity markets include:

  1. Nigerian Commodity Exchange (NCX): This is the largest commodity exchange in Nigeria and West Africa and offers trading in a range of agricultural commodities such as sesame seed, cashew, ginger, soya beans, sorghum and groundnuts, as well as financial derivatives and solid minerals.
  2. Nigerian Exchange Group (NGX): The NGX offers trading in commodity-linked ETFs and futures contracts, including contracts for crude oil and natural gas.
  3. Lagos Commodity and Futures Exchange (LCFE): This is a commodities exchange that trades agricultural commodities, currencies, oil and gas and solid minerals.

The commodity markets in Nigeria play an important role in facilitating the flow of goods and in providing price discovery for investors.

How To Trade Commodities

Here is a step-by-step process on how to trade commodities:

  1. Choose a commodity: Select a commodity that you are interested in trading.
  2. Choose a broker: Find one that is licensed, and regulated and that offers the commodity you are interested in.
  3. Open an account
  4. Fund your account: Self-explanatory, right?
  5. Research and analyze the market: Research the market conditions and historical price trends of the commodity. This will help you make informed trading decisions.
  6. Place a trade: Once you have identified a trade opportunity, use your broker’s trading platform to place a trade. This will typically involve selecting the commodity, the direction of the trade (buy or sell), and the size of the trade.
  7. Monitor your trade: Monitor the price movements and performance of your trade. Adjust as necessary to manage your risk.
  8. Close your trade: Close your trade when you have reached your desired profit level or want to cut your losses.

How To Choose a Commodities Broker

Here are some steps to help you choose a commodities broker:

  1. Regulated broker: Ensure that the broker you are considering is licensed and regulated by the Securities and Exchange Commission.
  2. Reputation: Check the broker’s reputation by reading reviews, and asking for recommendations from other traders.
  3. Trading platform: Evaluate the broker’s trading platform to ensure it is user-friendly. Consider things like speed, reliability, and the availability of technical analysis tools.
  4. Fees: Compare the fees charged by different brokers.
  5. Customer support: Ensure that the broker has a responsive and helpful customer service team.
  6. Account minimums: Consider the minimum deposit required to open an account.

Benefits and Drawbacks of Commodity Trading

4Opportunity for profitRegulation
5Global marketCost


Commodity Market vs Stock Market

#Commodity MarketStock Market
1Commodity markets deal with physical goods, such as oil, gold, and agricultural products.Stock markets deal with the buying and selling of shares in publicly traded companies.
2Prices in the commodity market are primarily driven by supply and demand dynamics, seasonality, and geopolitical and economic events.Stock prices are influenced by a company’s financial performance, industry trends, and macroeconomic events.
3Commodity trading is often used as a way to hedge against inflation or other economic uncertainties.Stock trading is often used as a way to grow wealth over the long term.

Commodities FAQs

How do I start trading commodities?

Educate yourself on the different types of commodities, how they are priced and traded, and what influences their prices. Choose a broker, open an account, develop a trading strategy and start trading.

Which commodity is most profitable?

No one commodity is guaranteed to be the most profitable. Commodity prices are influenced by many things, such as supply and demand, seasonality and economic conditions. Some commodities, such as oil and gold, have a long history of price stability, while agricultural products, can be volatile. What you consider profitable eventually will depend on your investment goals, risk tolerance, and trading strategy.

What skills are needed for commodity trading?

Financial knowledge. Market analysis. Risk management. Patience and discipline. Adaptability.

Is commodity trading profitable?

Commodity trading can be profitable, but it also comes with risk. As with any investment, there is a risk of loss.

However, with a well-informed strategy and risk management approach, commodity trading can provide an opportunity for you as an investor to diversify your portfolios and potentially generate profits.

⚠️ It is important to note that past performance is not a guarantee of future results and to always consult with a financial advisor before making investment decisions.


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