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What Are Halal Investments and How Does Halal Investing in Nigeria Work?

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Here’s what this article covers:

  1. What halal investments are
  2. How they earn returns
  3. How to set up a halal investment plan

What are Halal Investments?

Halal is an Arabic word that relates to something being lawful or permitted. It is a common word among Muslims to define approved practices.

Halal investments, therefore, present an inclusive option for anyone to invest–especially Muslims who consider certain social welfare and moral standards when investing.

Interestingly, this form of investments has existed since the 7th century. But only started to experience formalization in the 1960s. Another interesting part is that the entire halal finance industry hovers around a $2 trillion valuation!

The major types of halal investments are:

  1. Sukuk Bonds
  2. Ijarah
  3. Murabaha
  4. Halal equity funds

Not sure how mutual funds work? Read our easy guide here.

How do you Earn Returns on Halal Investments?

The principle of halal investments is zero-interest. So, it can be confusing to understand how you earn. In this section, we break down the earning processes of the Sukuk bonds, ijarah and halal equities. Its earning philosophy focuses on profit and loss sharing–not the outright charge of interests.

Sukuk Bonds

These are similar to regular bonds–long-term loans. But under a Sukuk arrangement, the lender does not own a certificate that guarantees periodic payment with interest. Rather, they own a part of the asset and gain from the earnings of the asset.

Let’s break this down further. If a regular $10 million bond is issued to build an airport at 10% for 10 years, the borrower is obligated to pay (with the agreed interest) wether the airport makes money or not. On the other hand, a Sukuk investor (the lender) gets part payments of the $10 million–every year–without any interests. They only gain if the airport makes money–because they own a part of it.

A key advantage of the Sukuk is that it encourages the fair allocation of returns. However, the downside is Sukuk bonds are limited in number. Since they must have an underlying asset for investors to own a part in, they can’t be issued easily like regular bonds.

Ijarah Investments

In basic terms, this simply means rental income. The owner of an asset–say a building–transfers the rights to another party for an agreed fee over a period of time. For example, an ijarah arrangement set up to build a shopping complex. The investors only earn from the fixed rental charge.

Halal Equities

Assume you have a personal rule not to eat cakes. It definitely won’t feel right investing in a cake business. Halal equities exist to cater to such principles. Only screened businesses get invested in. A common one is to avoid investing in firms that produce alcohol.

Halal Investments with Cowrywise

The above investment options come at really high prices, and they are also hard to acquire–premium deals. Thankfully, with the help of fund managers, that manage halal mutual funds you can gain from these investments. Currently, we have three of such fund on Cowrywise:

  1. ARM Ethical Fund
  2. Lotus Fixed Income Fund
  3. Lotus Halal Investment Fund

» Top Halal Funds: Check here

How to set up a Halal Investment plan

  1. Signup here
  2. Login and tap “Actions”
  3. Select “Invest in Mutual Funds”
  4. Choose your preferred halal fund

With these offerings and many other options, we make sure you keep your money working–regardless of your faith. Start investing today.

RELATED:

How do mutual funds work?

Categories of Investments in Nigeria

How to invest in equity mutual funds

Mutual funds simplified

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