Do mutual fund terms still confuse you? Let’s help. This article explains some common mutual fund terms in simple English.
Mutual Funds 🍕
Let’s start from the beginning, right? A mutual fund is similar to gathering funds to buy a box of pizza from a chef. Mutual funds pool money from various small investors to make massive investments at once.
The Fund Manager 👨🏾🍳
The fund manager is like the chef who you trust with your money to make the great pizza. After pooling the money together, he goes around to source the right materials to make a great pizza. In essence, the fund manager is the professional who oversees the money invested in a mutual fund; to make sure it earns more money.
The Trustee 👨🏾⚖️
To ensure the chef does things right, you need someone to monitor that he delivers the exact pizza he promised. So, a supervisor steps in. That’s exactly what the trustee does. Trustees ensure that fund managers invest your money rightly and earn you correct returns.
The Registrar 👩🏾💻
Now, what if the pizza gets ready and the chef claims you didn’t pay him? Well, that will be impossible if you had a legitimate receipt right? A registrar, in the case of a mutual fund, provides you with that receipt.
Mutual Fund Types 🍕🍕🍕
Just as you have various pizza types, you have mutual fund types. The common ones being equity funds, fixed-income funds, and balanced funds. Equity funds invest your money in shares of high-flying companies that are carefully selected. While fixed-income funds invest in low-risk investments that are backed by a promise - government debt for instance; in which the government borrows x and agrees to pay back with a certain percentage. Finally, balanced funds. As the name suggests, they mix the earlier options.
Risk Assessment 🕵🏾♀️
Moving on, every good chef should understand how much spice you can handle before making your pizza, right? So, they ask and craft something in line with that. We at Cowrywise are good chefs also. Before you invest in any fund, we take you through a spice test (risk assessment). Based on the results, we suggest the best-fit funds for you. Equity mutual funds are very spicy, that is they are for high-risk investors. On the other hand, fixed-income funds are a little bit spicy, while balanced funds are moderately spicy.
You can take a simple risk assessment and get started here.
To better explain these mutual fund terms, we made this video for you.